The Karnak Temple Complex, world-renowned as Karnak, is a vast gathering of temple ruins, chapel sit-ins, huge columns, and other buildings. It is 3 km from Luxor in Egypt. His name in ancient Egyptian was Ipet-Isut ("the most sought-after place"), the main place of worship of the Tiba Triad, whose head was secured, in the city of Tiba al-Amera in Al-Sahra. The complex takes its current name from the nearby village that surrounds it, the village of Karnak. It is a distinctive sign of Luxor, where each of the successive kings was trying to make his temple the most magnificent. To distinguish it from his predecessor, the temples of Karnak were transformed into a complete guide and a collection showing the stages of the development of ancient Egyptian art and distinctive Pharaonic architecture. The Karnak Temple is open daily from 7 am to 5 pm and features charming sound and light shows every evening, which is a great way to discover the Karnak Temple.
Karnak Temple is the greatest building built to worship the gods and is located on an area of 200 acres. It includes many structures and temples, including the great Temple of Amon Ra, the temples of Petah, Manto, Khanso and Aton, as well as the temples of the goddess Mot and Abit, most of which are surrounded by a thick brick wall with eight gates erected by one of the 30 kings of the dynasty.
The reason for the construction
This king approached the God by adding buildings and installations, erecting statues, obelisks, and offering gifts and gifts, and when the place reached its breadth, the kings erected their buildings on more than one side, and some kings removed the buildings of their predecessors to build their buildings.
Main temples :
Temple of Amon-Ra
The first thing in this temple is the anchor: a pier elevated by the square base of the holy compound and it connects the marina to the Nile. The façade of the temple is represented by the first edifice, which dates back to the reign of King Nqtanbo, the first of the 30th dynasty, a two-tower sandstone building, with a 26-meter-high gate. This temple has an open courtyard, an 8,000-square-metre ceremonial courtyard, dating back to the 22nd dynasty, and has been decorated with the tribal and seaside of the boaki, which is carried by its round pillars in the form of papyrus buds and in front of them are rams II's rammies.
Those statues are the body of a lion. The road between these statues was named the Kebash Road, which is 52 meters long and 12 meters wide.
Temple of Ramses III
Located on the south side of the courtyard, built by King Ramses II for the 52-meter-long Sacred Boat Break, led by an edifice led by two statues of the King, the edifice is followed by an open rectangular courtyard on either side of which are two rows of sixteen columns, eight on each side and in front of each column a statue of the King. The hall is the largest column hall in the world with an area of 6,000 square meters, led by an entrance rebuilt by Ptolemy III and IV, and this hall is the greatest of religious buildings, with 134 sandstone columns in sixteen rows. In the center are two rows of twelve cylindrical columns with an open papyrus crown, 22.40 meters high, and the 122 side columns in fourteen rows, with crowns such as papyrus buds and 14.75 meters high each.
Thutmose III unzipped Hatshepsut's cabin and built a cabin for him in the second year lounge, but it was destroyed.
It is unique in his architecture and represents the royal tent that was set up in the wars. It is 43.2 meters long, 15.6 meters wide, with two rows of high round columns in each row of ten columns with a bell-like crown that opened from the bottom, and is rotated above and on the lobby's 32 columns.
It is a roof with four polygon papyrus columns in a row and has recorded on its walls all kinds of exotic plants and all kinds of beautiful flowers brought by Aton.
It was created by Thutmose III, 80 meters long and 40 meters wide, and was surrounded by a wall. On its north and south sides, there is a nile-like area, with two entrances, one from the east and the other on the west side, each with stone staircases.
Temple of God Mott
It was created by Amenhotep III and then added to it by some kings until the Baltamy period. It houses two temples, one in the north-eastern corner of the wall dedicated to the god "Khansu Bagers" and belongs to the 18th dynasty, and then rebuilt by The Titanbo of the 30th dynasty with additions from the Ptolemaic period, The second is from the southern corner and dates back to the era of Ramses III.
Temple of Montau
This site is dedicated to the son of Mott Amon-Ra, Montau, the god of war in the Triad of Tiba. The site is located near the north of the Amon-Ra complex and occupies a smaller area. It is not open to the public.
Temple of the goddess Ipt
It was created by Ptolemy VIII"Yorgetis II" and contributed by the Ptolemaic kings, located to the west of the Temple of Khansu and dedicated to the goddess Ipt in the form of a hippopotamus, and was preceded by an edifice, then two galleries, with two columns and a chamber in the holy place of the Osorbes vault, and surrounded by the holies of the holy places of some of the holies.
It is located north of the main temple and is led by a door north of the Courtyard of the Possesitis and another in the center of the northern wall in the grand column hall, displayed with the red cabin stones of Queen Hatshepsut, which amount to about two-thirds of the 300 cabin stones.